Read Passage A carefully and then answer the questions.
First fill in the gaps with the correct tense and then answer the questions.
The Sleeping Giant
A new and extreme tourist attraction has just exploded (just explode) on to the scene in
Iceland: Volcano Walking. It would appear, according to Trip Advisor, that
this is one trip that cannot be missed, despite the extortionate cost.
The idea of making Thrihnukagigur volcano accessible was the brainchild
of Ami B. Stefansson, a doctor in Reykjavik and a lifelong cave enthusiast.
He has been studying (study) caves in Iceland since 1954 and some would argue
that there is no-one who has more experience. Thrihnukagigur has always
been special to Stefansson ever since he was the first to descend down to
the crater base in 1974. Like most people who experience it, he was utterly
spellbound by its uniqueness and beauty and made it his mission to
protect and preserve this stunning natural phenomenon. Unlike others
who may have only seen the profit that could be made from walking into
the mouth of a volcano, Stefansson believed (believe) that the primary focus was
to treat such a grand natural wonder with the utmost respect, to protect
and defend it. The first ‘volcano tourists’ entered the volcano in 2005 and
it has since been labelled as one of the most unique tourist attractions in
Volcano walkers are taken (take)to the mouth of the crater from where they
are lowered in a basket into the depths of the earth. People once thought
that volcanoes were portals to Hell and associated with death and destruction
and yet the entrance to the crater is awe-inspiring and almost
ethereal. The vastness of it can feel overwhelming; it is the size of a cathedral
and the Statue of Liberty could easily fit into the shaft. After 6
minutes and 120 metres, visitors arrive at the crater base. The ground
space is the size of three full-sized basketball courts placed next to each.
Practice Paper: Text A (pt2)
At the bottom there is a reverent hush. People whisper in respect to the
sleeping giant who has lain dormant for 4,000 years. The subterranean
walls are scorched with colours from a divine palette: magenta red, vibrant
purple, burnt orange, vivid green and honey yellow. The colour intensifies
in certain places where 4000 years ago the magma was pushed
out with brutal force. This is Mother Nature’s secret place, her private art
studio where visitors feel like trespassers. The protruding rock faces show
a tapestry of patterns and formations that have been moulded by heat,
pressure and time. Floodlights illuminate the walls and draw attention to
the beauty humans were never intended to see. A light rain weeps from
the porous rock above and covers the crater sides with a shine that makes
it sparkle. The scorch marks can be seen (can see) close up – at one point in time
these rock faces were glowing red with fiery heat. This giant, although
sleeping, is still dangerous: an 80-metre drop into the void is disguised by
a collection of rocks close to where visitors stand.
It is a soul-enriching experience and visitors often report feeling deeply
moved by the beauty and tranquillity of something that was once so destructive
and angry. Confronted with this result of the unrestrained forces
of nature, it is hard not to feel small and powerless in comparison. Sadly,
the magical spell is broken when the basket appears, indicating that it is
time for visitors to return to reality. On the return hike, visitors walk
across the lava fields as though they are astronauts on the moon. They
pass enormous open wounds where the landscape is literally tearing itself
apart as tectonic plates slowly shift. It serves as one final reminder that
this giant is merely dormant, not dead.
Re-read the descriptions of:
(a) The volcano in paragraph 3, beginning, “Volcano
(b) The crater in paragraph 4, beginning, “At the
Select four powerful words or phrases from each paragraph.
Your choices should include imagery. Explain
how each word or phrase selected is used effectively
Write about 100 to 150 words
Explain the meaning of the words in bold. Use synonyms to explain them.
- “mouth of the crater”: This is an expression that shocked me. When you hear it, it makes you think of a human been dragged or consumed by the volcano. This is a horrible phrase or expression used to produce fear or scare on the readers and it sounds as the door of hell or as the mouth of the wolf, others very scary expressions.
- “human beings appear ant-like”: this phrase or expression is used to describe the immensity of the volcano, to show how bigger it was, comparing it with the human beings.
- “depths of the earth”: This expression makes reference to the size of the volcano, how out of normal is and that makes sense to what people go for. Tourists go into undiscovered places, they love things that are extraordinary out of the routinary life, like this huge and awesome volcano.
- “portals to hell”: volcanos, big caves and extraordinary, hide and scarifying places are actually connected with the idea of hell, destruction, horror, etc. Lots of people think or say that these places are portals to the hades, hell, the underworld.
- “magma pushed out with brutal force”: This makes reference to the power, strength, pressure that the volcano used to push out its blood, its principal component, its hotter element, magma.
- “glowing red with fiery heat”: this also makes reference to the power, force of the volcano but also to the colour, to the hotter temperature, the heat. The volcano is as hot as hell if you touch it your finger would be burnt as heat that it would be destroyed and transformed in ashes.
- “scorched with colours”: This makes reference to the diversion of colours that the volcano present; Magenta red, vibrant purple, burnt orange, vivid green and honey yellow.
- “ tapestry of patterns and formations”: this is describing the labour of the time, heat and pressure that had moulded the entrance and inside of the volcano to create these formations.
Finish these sentences in an appropriate way.
If I hadn’t visited Mary last week, I wouldn’t have been able to see her new tv.
If I could help Sue, she would be very happy.
You need to study more if you want to pass
Why don’t you go to the doctor if you have a fever?
Suppose you had the chance of moving abroad, where would you go?
Jack can lend you the money as long as you give it back
I wish I were (BE) taller. I would love to work as a model.
I wish you could stop (stop) smoking. It’s bad for your health.
Compare the two main characters of More than just the disease and Face. What do they have in common? Write a paragraph (90-100 words)Include at least one conditional sentence and one compound adjective. Include at least three of the following terms:
grope for – overcast- to prune- to scold- nosy- sip- to shiver- to hum- to quiver- reluctant- to coax- gloomy- to gleam- scorching hot- rusty- to scratch.
Martin, the main character of Face is a very outgoing teen. He really enjoys going to parties, go out with his friends. It’s very social and in his school is very popular. He is the kind of people that like making jokes, getting in trouble, he is very nosy too. On the other hand, Neil is a very reserved kid. I think that is very shy and reserved because of his illness. For example, he never wants to go to the sea, even when there’s a scorching hot because he doesn’t want the others to discover his problem. Also, he is like that thanks to his overprotective mother. If his mother wouldn’t be as overprotective as it is, Neil would be as outgoing as Martin and not as reserved as it is. He would be able to be free, to gleam, to enjoy more.